English

?? ????? ?? Venture Capital

????????? ????:

???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ? ?????????????? ????????

???????: ????-?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ? ?????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ????????????.

???????????, ???????? ?? ???????? ?? Venture Capital ?? ???? ????? ?????????????? ??? ???????, ????????? ? ???????? ???? ?????????, ????? ??? ?????? ? ????????? ?????? ????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????????????. (British Venture Capital Association)

?? venture capital ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????????????? ??? ???????????????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????. ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ??? 1990. ?? venture capital ???????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??????????????? ??? ???????? ????.

H ?????????? ???????? ???? ????????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? (?????? ? ?????????) ??? ??? ?? ????????????? (????????? ? ????????). ?? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????????? venture capital ????? ???????? ??? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ????????????. ????????, ?? venture capital ??????????????? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ????????? (management buy-outs), ???????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????????? ???? ??????.

? ????????????? venture capital ???????????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????, ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????. ?? ????????? venture capital ????????????? ??? ??????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???????????????? ??? ?????????? ????, ???? ???????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ??????. ?? ??? ?? ????????, ? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ????????? venture capital.

? ????????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? venture capital ???? ???????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ??? ???????????. ??????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? ????????? Goody's, ???????? ??? Chipita, ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ??? ???????????????? ?? venture capital ????? ?? Microsoft, Amazon.com ??? Yahoo! ?? venture capital ???????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???, ??????? ?? ???????????? ???????, ?? ????????? ??? ????????????? ???? ?? ????? ?????????????? ????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????.